History and Culture


The Etruscan Necropolis of Tarquinia is located on the Monterozzi hill, about 6 km long, it is the seat of the main necropolis town, extending parallel to the Tyrrhenian coast. The tombs cover the whole hill, for the most part, they are rooms carved into rock surmounted by mounds. It was these mounds that gave the hill its popular and expressive name. Today they are barely visible from ground level because they have been flattened by agricultural work (but only a century ago there were more than 600).

The Sanctuary of the Ara della Regina has a dominant position on the plateau of Civita, inside the ancient city, and is today the largest and most monumental Etruscan temple known. The "Winged Horses" are the most important piece of Etruscan coroplastic art and with a few other fragments, are exhibited in the Salone delle Armi (Weapons Room) of the Tarquinia Museum

The Tarquiniese National Archaeological Museum is housed in the 15th Palazzo Vitelleschi, and is home to an extraordinary collection, which includes the majestic and evocative "Winged Horses". The rooms on the ground floor contain stone materials including sarcophagi dating back to mid 4th century AD. On the first floor there are ceramics from the excavations of the necropolis with important examples of Greek and Etruscan painting. On the second floor there is a quadrangular portico from which you can enjoy a magnificent view of the city and the countryside. In the portico there are also some preserved and reconstructed painted tombs whose frescoes have been detached.

The Castle of Vulci, was constructed close to a bridge built by the Romans on pre-existing Etruscan foundations, in order to cross a gorge where the Fiora River passes, dividing the modern territories of Canino and Montalto di Castro. The Devil’s bridge "Ponte del Diavolo" (3rd century BC), with its 30 meters of height dominates the river Fiora, near the medieval castle of Badia. The Archaeological Museum is located in the Castle of Abbadia. There you can admire the rich trousseau of the Panathenaic tomb, Etruscan and Greek ceramics, bronzes, sarcophagi, offerings and architectural elements that once adorned temples and tombs.

The Castle of Santa Severa is located on the beach of the same name. In the museum of the Fortress there are the finds from excavations carried out with the restoration works. These brought to light an imperial era Roman domus, a necropolis and an early Christian church of the 5th century in the area of ​​the Rocca courtyard. Inside the Rocca, in addition to the Museum, multi-purpose areas will be available to host temporary exhibitions and other cultural activities. The buildings surrounding the Rocca's courtyard are to be used to create a congress center with guest rooms on the upper floors.

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